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CDV - CONFEDERATE - Wartime photos of Confederates

Item #: CWB4447
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First lieutenant, Corps of Cavalry, C. S. A., March 16,
    Lieutenant colonel, First Virginia Cavalry, August, 1861.
    Colonel, First Virginia Cavalry, March, 1862.
    Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., July 24, 1862.
    Major general, P. A. C. S., August 3, 1863.
    Brigade, in August, 1862, composed of the First, Second,
Third, Fourth, Fifth and Ninth Virginia Regiments of Cavalry,
and Breathed's Battery of Six-Gun Horse Artillery, Army of
Northern Virginia.
    Division, in August, 1863, composed of the cavalry
brigades of W. H. F. Lee, Lomax and Wickham, to January 31,
    1865. Assigned to the command of the Cavalry Corps, Army
of Northern Virginia, composed of the divisions of W. H. F.
Lee, Rosser and Munford.
    April 9, 1865, in command of Cavalry Corps, Army of
Northern Virginia, composed of Fitzhugh's Division.  Brigades
of Garry, Payne and Wickham.
    W. H. F. Lee's Division, composed of Barringer's, Beal's
and Roberts' Brigades.
    Lomax's Division, Jackson's Brigade.
    Rosser's Division, Major General T. L. Rosser, Dearing's
    McCausland's Brigades.

    Lee, Fitzhugh, born in Virginia, appointed from Virginia
cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1852; graduated
forty-fifth in a class of forty-nine.
    Brevet second lieutenant, Second Cavalry, July 1, 1856.
    Second lieutenant, January 1, 1858.
    First lieutenant, March 31, 1861.
    Resigned May 21, 1861.
    Major general, United States Volunteers, May 6,1898.
Source:  General Officers of the Confederate States of America

Major-General Fitzhugh Lee was born at Clermont, Fairfax
county, Va., November 19, 1835.  He is the son of Sydney Smith
Lee, who was a brother of Robert E. Lee, and son of Gen. and
Gov. Henry Lee.

Sydney Smith Lee had a distinguished naval career for over
forty years, beginning as a midshipman when fourteen years of
age.  He commanded a vessel at Vera Cruz, was three years
commandant at Annapolis, and for the same period in charge of
the Philadelphia navy yard, commanded Commodore Perry's
flagship in the Japan expedition, and when the first Japanese
ambassadors came to America, he was associated with Farragut
and D. D. Porter in a committee for their reception and

He resigned his position as chief of the bureau of coast
survey to join the Confederacy, and was on duty at Norfolk; in
command of fortifications at Drewry's bluff; chief of the
bureau of orders and detail, and in command of fortifications
on the James during the siege of Richmond.

Fitzhugh Lee was graduated at the United States military
academy in 1856, and after serving until January 1, 1858, in
the cavalry school at Carlisle, Pa., as an instructor, he was
assigned to frontier duty in Texas with his regiment, the
Second cavalry.

He served at several Texas posts, and on May 13, 1859, in a
fight with Comanche Indians was shot through the lungs with an
arrow, and his life despaired of.  In 1860 he was ordered to
report to West Point as instructor of cavalry.

In 1861 he resigned his commission as first lieutenant, and
tendered his services to his native State.  He was
commissioned first lieutenant, corps of cavalry, C. S. A.;
promoted lieutenant-colonel, First Virginia cavalry (Stuart's
regiment), August, 1861, and colonel, March, 1862.

His first service was rendered in staff duty, under General
Beauregard at Manassas, and as adjutant-general of Ewell's
brigade during the battle of First Manassas.  In the spring of
1862, with his regiment, he aided in covering the retreat from
Yorktown, and in the raid of the cavalry under Stuart, around
McClellan's peninsular army, he was particularly distinguished
in the capture of the camp of his old Federal regiment, and in
the defense as rear guard while Stuart's other commands built
a bridge over the Chickahominy, which he was the last man to

He was recommended by Stuart for promotion to brigadier-
general, which soon followed, and at the organization of the
cavalry division, July 28th, he was put in command of the
Second brigade, consisting of the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth
and Ninth Virginia regiments and Breathed's battery.

He took an active part in the cavalry operations in August,
connected with Jackson's advance northward, and in the capture
of Manassas depot; participated in Stuart's advance into
Maryland, screening the movements of the army, and after
McClellan could no longer be held in check at South mountain,
his brigade covered the retreat through Boonsboro, where there
was a fierce and protracted fight.

He succeeded in delaying the enemy through the greater part of
September 16th, and then joined the army before Sharpsburg.

In November his brigade was reorganized.  He served on the
Confederate left above Fredericksburg in December, took part
in the raid on Dumfries and Fairfax Station, and in February,
1863, moved to Culpeper to guard the upper Rappahannock,
giving battle to Averell at Kellysville, an action which
Stuart reported as "one of the most brilliant achievements of
the war," which he took "pride in witnessing."

At the field of Chancellorsville he led the advance of the
flank movement, rode with Jackson to reconnoiter the position
of Howard, and commanded the cavalry in the Sunday battle.

During Stuart's raid of June, 1863, he captured part of
Custer's brigade at Hanover, and reached Gettysburg in time
for a fierce hand-to-hand cavalry fight on July 3rd.  During
the retreat he rendered distinguished service.

He was now promoted major-general and in September took
command of one of the two cavalry divisions, with which, when
R. E. Lee decided to push Meade from his front on the Rapidan,
he held the lines while the main army moved out on the enemy's

He fought about Brandy Station and encountered Custer at
Buckland Mills.  After the contest with Grant in the
Wilderness his division, thrown in front of the Federal
advance toward Spottsylvania, engaged in one of its most
severe conflicts.

The Confederate troopers were a terrible annoyance to the
Federals, "swarming in the woods like angry bees," and
Sheridan started on a raid to Richmond to draw them off.  At
the resulting battle of Yellow Tavern, where Stuart was
fatally wounded, at Hawes' Shop and Cold Harbor, and at
Trevilian's, he contested with Sheridan the honors of the
field, and August, 1864, found him again opposed to that
famous Federal officer in the Shenandoah valley.

Here he commanded the cavalry of Early's army.  He fought the
spirited battle of Cedarville, and at Winchester, September
19th, displayed great courage and energy in attempting to save
the field.  In the midst of a terrible artillery fire his
famous horse "Nellie" was shot, and at the same time he
received a wound in the thigh which disabled him for several

On recovering he made an expedition into northwestern Virginia
in the following winter.  Upon the promotion of Hampton to
lieutenant-general, Lee became chief of the cavalry of the
army of Northern Virginia, and commanded that corps at Five

After rendering invaluable service on the retreat, he was
ordered to make an attack, on April 9th, at Appomattox,
supported by Gordon, and in this movement, which met
overwhelming opposition, his cavalry became separated from the
main body.  He participated in the final council of war, and after the surrender returned to Richmond with Gen. R. E. Lee.

He then retired to his home in Stafford county, and resided
later near Alexandria.  In 1874 he delivered an address at
Bunker Hill which greatly aided the restoration of brotherly
feeling.  He was a conspicuous figure at the Yorktown
centennial, and at the Washington centennial celebration at
New York city, at the head of the Virginia troops, he received
a magnificent ovation.

In 1885 he was nominated for governor by the Democratic party
and made a memorable and successful campaign against John S.
Wise.  After serving as governor until 1890, he became
president of the Pittsburg & Virginia railroad.

In 1896 he was sent to Cuba as consul-general at Havana, under
the circumstances one of the most important positions in the
diplomatic service.  In this he represented the United States
with such dignity and ability that he was retained in the
place after the inauguration of President McKinley, through
all the trying difficulties preceding the war with Spain.

After the outbreak of war he was made a major-general of
volunteers in the United States army, and at the close of
hostilities was appointed military governor of the province of
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