MAJOR GENERAL THOMAS CARMICHAEL HINDMAN
Item #: CWB12143
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Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman was born in Tennessee in November, 1818. He received a common school education, then studied law and moved to Mississippi. He was engaged in his professional business when the Mexican war aroused the country to arms. Forsaking peaceful pursuits, he went as lieutenant in one of the Mississippi regiments. Returning home after the war he again took up his former occupation. From 1858 to 1861 he served in Congress as a representative from Arkansas. He was intensely Southern, believing with all his heart in the justice of the position taken by his section. Of course, it was to be expected that a man of his views would be quick to take up arms. He entered the army and was appointed colonel of the Second Arkansas infantry, June 21, 1861, and brigadier-general September 28, 1861. His first service was in Arkansas under Gen. William J. Hardee, with whom he crossed the Mississippi when everything possible was being concentrated at Bowling Green, Ky. He and his brigade took a conspicuous part in the battle of Shiloh. He was wounded in this battle, and promoted to major-general April 18, 1862. On the 26th of May he was assigned to the command of the Trans- Mississippi district, and hastening to Little Rock, he established his headquarters there on May 31st, and took command of his district. He had to create an army and restore order and confidence. This he quickly did; for he was a man of great energy and administrative ability of the very highest order. He declared martial law, sent his provost-marshals in every direction, and enforced the conscript law in the most rigid manner. His recruiting officers went all over northern Arkansas and even into Missouri. He established shops for the manufacture of all needed supplies, such as arms, clothing, etc. In every way he managed so well that early in July he had gathered a considerable army, and had saved for the time Little Rock and the valley of the Arkansas to the Confederacy. But about this time Gen. T. H. Holmes was sent to take command of the Trans-Mississippi department. Hindman, going into western Arkansas, was about to lead an expedition into Missouri when he was recalled to Little Rock by General Holmes to help organize the troops in that neighborhood. During his absence, disasters befell his army. Returning, he fought the battle of Prairie Grove, December 7, 1862, against the forces of Herron and Blunt, winning a victory, but on account of the concentration of the enemy in superior numbers found it necessary to withdraw. He was afterward ordered back to the east side of the Mississippi, where he commanded a division at Chickamauga. There and all through the Atlanta campaign Hindman and his division were found among the bravest and the best. After the Atlanta campaign he served in the district of North Mississippi. At the close of the war General Hindman went to Mexico, but in 1867 returned to the United States and settled at Helena, where he was assassinated by some unknown person on the 28th of September, 1868.
Shipping Weight: 0.45 lb