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Item #: CWB12990
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Warren, Gouverneur K., major-general, was born at Cold 
Spring Putnam county, N. Y., Jan. 8, 1830.  He entered the 
United States military academy in 1846; was graduated in 1850; 
was assigned to the topographical engineers; was employed in 
surveys on the lower Mississippi in 1850-54; in the West in 
1855-59 as chief topographical engineer on Gen. William S. 
Harney's staff, in the preparation of railroad maps in Dakota 
and Nebraska, and was the first explorer of the Black hills.  
In 1859 he became assistant professor of mathematics at West 
Point; in May, 1861, lieutenant-colonel of the 5th N. Y. 
infantry (Zouaves), and in August its colonel.  At Big Bethel 
he remained on the field to bring off the body of Lieut. 
Greble.  After serving before Yorktown he received command of a 
brigade in Sykes' division, Porter's corps, on the right of the 
Army of the Potomac.  In that campaign he took part in various 
battles; but was slightly wounded at Gaines' mill; was engaged 
under Pope at Manassas; lost half of his regiment at Antietam; 
was made brigadier-general of volunteers on Sept. 26, 1862, and 
served under Burnside at Fredericksburg.  On Feb. 2, 1863, he 
was placed on Hooker's staff as chief of topographical-
engineers, and on June 8 was appointed chief engineer of the 
Potomac.  At Gettysburg on July 2, he occupied and defended 
Little Round Top the key to the Federal position.  In August he 
was commissioned major-general of volunteers, dating from 
Chancellorsville, May 3.  On Oct. 14 he repulsed A. P. Hill at 
Bristoe Station and was praised by Meade for "skill and 
promptitude."  At Mine run he used his discretion in not 
carrying out a movement ordered by Meade and was approved for 
so doing.  From the reorganization of the army in March, 1864, 
he had command of the 5th corps and led it in the bloody 
actions of the Wilderness, Cold Harbor, etc.  He gave up his 
volunteer commission on May 27, 1865, having been made captain 
in the regular army in Sept., 1861 and major in June, 1864, and 
having received in succession all the brevets up to major-
general.  A soldier to the core, he never left the army, 
conducted various surveys and reached the grade of lieutenant-
colonel in 1879.  Gen. Warren died at Newport R. I., Aug 8, 
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