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ALEXANDER STEWART WEBB ~ MEDAL OF HONOR AT GETTYSBURG
Item #: CWB7022
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Billing receipt signed "ALEX. S. WEBB" as President of College Of The City Of New York.
Reverse blank.
Alexander Stewart Webb (February 15, 1835 February 12, 1911) was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War who received the Medal of Honor for gallantry at the Battle of Gettysburg. After the war, he was president of the City College of New York for thirty-three years.
Webb, Alexander S., brigadier-general, was born in New
York city Feb. 15, 1835, a son of Gen. James Watson Webb, and
was educated at private schools and at West Point academy,
where he was graduated in 1855. He was then commissioned
lieutenant in the 2nd artillery; served in the Florida campaign
and on frontier duty in Minnesota during the period from 1855-
57; was then appointed assistant professor of mathematics at
West Point, and in Feb., 1861 was detailed to form a new
battery from among the soldiers there. It was from this
company that young Webb was detailed to guard with soldiers in
citizens' clothes, the headquarters of Gen. Scott, the old
soldier refusing to allow any guard around his house. He was
then detailed to light battery A and proceeded to Fort Pickens,
Fla., then in a state of siege. He left Fort Pickens to take
part with this battery in the first Bull Run battle; remained
at Centerville to cover the retreat the night after McDowell's
defeat; was then made assistant chief of artillery of the Army
of the Potomac, was next major of the 1st R. I. infantry, but
never joined the regiment; served with the Army of the Potomac
during the summer of 1862; was appointed assistant inspector-
general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and shortly
afterward chief of staff of the 5th army corps on the special
recommendation of Gen. McClellan. In Nov., 1862, he was
appointed inspector of artillery and assigned to duty at Camp
Barry, Washington, where he remained till Jan., 1863, when he
returned to the field and served as assistant inspector-
general, 5th corps, until June 29, when he was commissioned
brigadier-general of volunteers and placed in command of the
2nd brigade, 2nd division, 2nd corps. He was present with his
brigade at the battle of Gettysburg, and in repulsing Pickett's
famous charge on the third day was conspicuous for his bravery
and military skill, being wounded while leading his men.
Subsequently he was awarded by Gen. Meade a bronze medal for
"distinguished personal gallantry on that ever memorable
field," and was brevetted major, U. S. A., for the part he took
in that struggle. He was in command of the 2nd division, 2nd
corps, for one year, and at Bristoe Station during the Rapidan
campaign, his division, leading the 2nd corps, received the
attack of the whole of Hill's corps. From this Confederate
corps he took 6 guns and more than 2,000 prisoners. For this
he was brevetted lieutenant-colonel, U. S. A. He was in the
battles of the Wilderness and at Spottsylvania, was severely
wounded during the last day's fight and forced to retire from
active service for the rest of the year, being brevetted
colonel, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious services at
Spottsylvania. While on sick leave, Aug. 1, 1864, he was
brevetted major-general of volunteers for gallant and
distinguished conduct at Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, the
battles in the Wilderness, and Spottsylvania. On Jan. 11,
1865, he returned to active service as chief-of-staff to Gen.
George G. Meade, commanding the Army of the Potomac in the
operations before Petersburg, and so served during the campaign
which resulted in the surrender of the Confederates under Gen.
Lee. He was brevetted brigadier-general, U. S. A., for gallant
and meritorious services in the campaign which terminated with
the surrender of Gen. Lee and at the same time was brevetted
major-general, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious services
during the Civil war. In June, 1865, he was assigned to duty
by the president with the rank of major-general, U. S. A., to
act as inspector-general of the military division of the
Atlantic. Gen. Webb was mustered out of the volunteer service
on Jan. 15, 1866, and became principal assistant professor of
geography, history and ethics, at West Point. On the
reorganization of the army he was appointed lieutenant-colonel
of the 44th infantry, which regiment he commanded in the
Department of Washington, then as major-general, U. S. A.,
commanded the first military district, and was, at his own
request, honorably discharged from the service on Dec. 3, 1870.
To finish his military career it is well to state that the
retiring board, before which he appeared in 1870, wanted
evidence of Gen. Webb's disability, which he did not know it
was necessary for him to furnish. Through this
misunderstanding the board failed to recommend his retirement
and Gen. Webb resigned.

Shipping Weight: 0.75 lb
 $125.00 USD