GENERAL PIERRE GUSTAVE TOUTANT Beauregard (U.S.M.A. 1838) was
born near New Orleans, May 28, 1818, and entered the Engineer
Corps. He served with distinction in the Mexican War, and at
the outbreak of the Civil War resigned his commission (February
20, 1861), to enter the Confederate army as a brigadier-
general, being given command of the Confederate forces
bombarding Fort Sumter.
He took command of the Army of the Potomac on June 20th. After
Bull Run he was made general. He was given the command of the
Army of the Mississippi in March, 1862, and was second in
command after A. S. Johnston joined his forces with it. After
the latter's death at Shiloh, Beauregard remained at the head
of the army until after the withdrawal from Corinth at the end
of May. In 1863, he defended Charleston, and after May, 1864,
cooperated with Lee in the defense of Petersburg and Richmond.
He commanded the Confederate forces in the Carolinas in 1865,
merging them with those under General J. E. Johnston, and
surrendered his army to Sherman
After the war, he was a railroad president, adjutant-general of
Louisiana, and manager of the State lottery. He died in New
Orleans, February 20, 1893.
Source: Miller, vol. 10, p. 244
Brigadier general, C. S. A., March 1, 1861.
General, C. S. A., July 21, 1861.
Died at New Orleans, February 20, 1893.
Assigned to command at Charleston, S. C., March 1, 1861.
In command of the Army of the Potomac, June 2, 1861;
assigned command of Department of Alexandria, Va.
In command at Manassas, Va., July 19-21, 1861..
In command of District of the Potomac, by General Orders,
No. 15, adjutant and inspector general's office, Richmond,
October 22, 1861.
On March 5, 1862, in command of the Army of the
Ordered to command at Columbus, Ky., by Secretary of War,
January 29, 1862.
In command of the Department of South Carolina and
Georgia, August 29, 1863; Florida added to the department in
In command of the Department of North Carolina and
Southern Virginia, April 23, 1864.
In command of the troops in Southeastern Virginia,
including Petersburg and Drewry's Bluff, May 14, 1864.
Commanding, October 17, 1864, Military Division of the
West, east of the Mississippi River, comprising the Department
of Tennessee and Georgia, commanded by General J. B. Hood, and
the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana,
commanded by Lieutenant General Richard Taylor.
February 16, 1865, in command of all troops operating in
February 25, 1865, announced as second in command of Army
of Tennessee to General Joseph E. Johnston.
Beauregard, Peter Gustavus Toutaunt, born in Louisiana,
appointed from Louisiana cadet United States Military Academy,
July 1, 1834; graduated second in a class of forty-five.
Second lieutenant, First Artillery, July 1, 1838.
Second lieutenant of engineers, July 7, 1838.
First lieutenant, June 16, 1839.
Captain, March 3, 1853.
Brevet captain, August 20, 1847, for gallant and
meritorious conduct in the battles of Contreras and
Churubusco, Mexico, and Major, September 13, 1847, for gallant
and meritorious conduct in the battle of Chapultepec, Mexico.
Resigned, February 20, 1861.