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MAJOR GENERAL ROBERT ANDERSON
Item #: CWB4141
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F. GUTEKUNST OF PHILADELPHIA BACKMARK
Born: 06/14/1805 in Louisville, KY
Died: 10/26/1871 in Nice, France
USMA: 1825, class rank: 15/37
Promotions
Date
To Rank
Full/Brevet
Army/Vol
Comments
05/15/61
Brig-Gen
Full
Army

02/03/65
Major-Gen
Brevet
Army


Commands
From
To
Brigade
Division
Corps
Army
05/28/61
10/08/61



Dept and Army of Ohio and Cumberland

Anderson, Robert, brigadier-general, was born near
Louisville, Ky., at a place called "Soldier's Retreat," June
14, 1805. In 1825 he was graduated at West Point and received
a commission as second lieutenant in the 3rd artillery.
During the Black Hawk war, in 1832, he served as colonel of
the Illinois volunteers, and after that, from 1835 to 1837,
acted as instructor in artillery at West Point. He was
brevetted captain for services in the Florida war then was for
a time attached to the staff of Gen. Scott as assistant
adjutant-general, and in 1841 was promoted to captain. He
also served in the Mexican war, and was severely wounded in
the battle of Molino del Rey. In 1857 he was appointed major
of the 1st artillery, and in 1860 assumed command of the
troops in Charleston harbor, with headquarters at Fort
Moultrie. Owing to threatened assaults, Maj. Anderson
withdrew his command, on the night of Dec. 26, 1860, to Fort
Sumter, where he remained until forced to evacuate, on April
14, 1861, after a bombardment of thirty-six hours, to which he
replied until forced by the disabling of his guns to yield.

In recognition of his services at Fort Sumter he was appointed
by President Lincoln brigadier-general in the U. S. army, and
was assigned to command the Department of Kentucky, being
subsequently transferred to that of the Cumberland. On
account of failing health he was relieved from duty in Oct.,
1861, and was retired from active service on Oct. 27, 1863.

On Feb. 3, 1865, he was brevetted major-general, U. S. A. In
1869 he sailed for Europe in search of health, and died there,
at Nice, France, Oct. 27, 1871. He was the translator from
the French of "Instructions for Field Artillery, Horse and
Foot", and "Evolutions of Field Batteries." To his personal
efforts credit is due for the original steps in the
organization of the Soldiers, home in Washington, which has
since then sheltered many thousands of Civil war veterans
.

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